Will Your Favourite Two-Stroke Outboard Be Banned?
Proposed new regulations would see carburettor and EFI two-stroke outboards banned.
New laws would cover imported outboards only; existing two-stroke outboard stocks would not be affected.
Update: 25/6/2015 Mercury Marine director of engine products and marketing, Nicholas Webb, has commented on this story.
OLD TWO-STROKE OUTBOARDS AT AN END?
The government is looking more likely than ever to introduce new regulations governing emissions for non-road engines e.g. outboard motors. In a further sign that changes are imminent, the government has introduced its first Clean Air Champions.
The first Clean Air Champion is Gary Fooks, a founding member of the Australian Marine Engine Council (AMEC) and chairman of the Blue Sky Alliance; he was followed by the Hyundai Motor Company Australia.
Industry lobby group AMEC represents BRP Evinrude, Honda Marine and Suzuki Marine. It was formed in 2009 after Mercury Marine, Yamaha Motor and Tohatsu split from the Outboard Engine Distributors Association (OEDA).
The initiative is part of Federal environment minister Greg Hunt’s proposed National Clean Air Agreement. As part of the program, nominated Clean Air Champions will raise awareness of air quality programs by working with government, industry and the public.
According to supporters of the program, emission regulations for outboard motors are inevitable. Boat engine regulations were introduced in the United States in 1998.
Nicholas Webb, Mercury Marine director of engine products and marketing, says the US model is based on a range of different criteria, as well as Averaging, Banking and Trading which permit manufacturers to offset “dirty” two-stroke engines with cleaner technology.
BLUE SKY ALLIANCE
The Blue Sky Alliance comprises the Outdoor Power Equipment Association and AMEC. It recently announced its first program, a product labelling system to identify small engines that meet proposed emissions standards (shown) proposed by AMEC.
According to a report authored by Gary Fooks and fellow AMEC representative David Heyes, approximately half of outboards and lawn mowers sold in Australia reportedly do not meet these standards. The report claims all carburettor two-stroke outboards and EFI two-stroke outboards would be banned under the new regulation.
The following changes would be in force under the proposed regulations:
- New emissions regulations would not ban engines currently in use, including dealer stock. The new emissions regulations would only cover new imported outboard motors.
- Boat builders — including dealerships who assemble hulls, fuel tanks and outboards — would face new compliance duties.
- Fuel evaporation would be included in the emissions standards. For example, new boats would need a new low-permeation fuel hose, fuel tank-expansion capacity (separate overflow tank or ullage) and a carbon canister on the fuel tank vent.
Fooks says he is keenly aware of the need to minimise cost to the marine industry and has helped draft practical, low-cost regulations to present to the government.
He told Trade-a-Boat the role as Clean Air Champion provided an important opportunity to represent the needs of the marine industry to government policymakers.
“For example, we believe that we should follow the low-cost Canadian model, and accept US emissions labels, rather than impose the cost of industry of adding a new, uniquely Australian label,” he said.
“Broadly, we want to adopt the US standard, because that is the de facto world standard and ensures Australians have the widest possible product choices at the lowest price.”
Nicholas Webb says the government’s meeting on emission reduction (scheduled for July 2015) was only likely to confirm options for reducing emissions and a firm decision could be years away — not unrealistic considering the topic has been tossed around by various governments since 2006.
Got a favourite carburettor or EFI two-stroke outboard? How do you think AMEC's proposed new emissions regulations would affect you? Leave a comment below.